Four Corner States Percent Female Householder, No Husband Present, Households Hot Spot Analysis, by County (2018)

Dublin Core

Title

Four Corner States Percent Female Householder, No Husband Present, Households Hot Spot Analysis, by County (2018)

Subject

This is a map showing the results of an optimized hot spot analysis on the percent of households with a female householder and no husband present, by county, within the four corner states (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah). Female-headed households have been shown to be correlated with increased rates of poverty. The proportion of female-headed families living in poverty is nearly 25% higher than married couple households with families and just over 18% higher than male householders with no wife present.[1]

Description

This map illustrates the hot and cold spots within the four corner states, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah, at the county level resulting from a hot spot analysis. A hot spot analysis is a type of spatial analysis and mapping technique that shows, in this case, what areas, counties, have a have statistically significant higher or lower rates of households compared to the rate that would be expected if the data was completely random.[2]

This map identifies hot and cold spots at varying confidence levels: 99 percent, 95 percent, and 90 percent confidence. A total of 58 counties in the four corner states were found to have a statistically significant hot or cold spot (p-value= <0.05). The depicted cold spots indicate counties where there is a statistically significant lower percent of family households with female householders and no husband present. Simply put, these counties in shades of blue indicate areas where there is a lower rate of female-headed households. The depicted hot spots indicate counties where there is a statistically significant higher percent or rate of female-headed family households. These areas in shades of purple show what counties have a higher percent of female-headed family households compared to what one could expect to observe if the data was random.

One possible limitation to this data is that many of the counties with hot spots for female householders, no husband present, family households are primarily made up of tribal lands or reservations, especially in Arizona, or national/state parks and BLM recreation areas, especially in New Mexico. This could be a possible explanation for the trends shown by the map and could also act as a potential confounding factor.[3-6]

Creator

Maggie Plessinger

Source

[1] Washington Office of Financial Management. Families in Poverty by Household Type. Office of Financial Management. Published 2018. Accessed December 15, 2020. https://www.ofm.wa.gov/washington-data-research/statewide-data/washington-trends/social-economic-conditions/families-poverty-household-type

[2] ArcGIS Pro. How Hot Spot Analysis Works. ArcGIS Pro. Accessed December 15, 2020. https://pro.arcgis.com/en/pro-app/latest/tool-reference/spatial-statistics/h-how-hot-spot-analysis-getis-ord-gi-spatial-stati.htm

[3] United States Environmental Protection Agency. Arizona Tribal Lands and Reservations. United States Environmental Agency. Published 2011. https://www3.epa.gov/region9/air/maps/az_tribe.html

[4] US Department of Interior, US Geological Survey. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. The National Atlas of the United States of America Accessed December 15, 2020. https://www.gifex.com/images/0X0/2009-09-18-9675/New_Mexico_Federal_Lands_and_Indian_Reservations_United_States.pdf

[5] New Mexico Department of Transportation. Native American Lands, NMDOT Districts and RPO’s. New Mexico Department of Transportation. https://dot.state.nm.us/content/dam/nmdot/planning/Native_Amer_Lands-NMDOT_Dist-RPO_State_Asz.pdf

[6] VisitArizona.com. AZ Fun Facts. Arizona: The Grand Canyon State. Published 2020. Accessed December 15, 2020. https://www.visitarizona.com/newsroom/fact-sheets/

County Subdivisions: TIGER/Line Shapefiles from the US Census Bureau, at census.gov, downloaded in December 2020, data from 141 counties

Household Data: US Census Data downloaded from the US Census Data website, downloaded in December 2020, data from 140 counties

Publisher

Website maintained by Chantel Sloan, Associate Professor in the Public Health Department at Brigham Young University.

Date

County subdivision boundaries and household data from 2018.

Contributor

Maggie Plessinger

Rights

ArcGIS Pro: (Version 2.6.1) Esri Inc.https://www.esri.com/en-us/arcgis/products/arcgis-pro/

Relation

N/A

Format

PDF

Language

English

Coverage

Four Corners region (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah) subdivided by county. The map scale is 1: 6,547,081.

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

Map file generated using ArcGIS Pro 2.6.1

Files

(7) Female Householder Hot Spot Analysis Map.pdf

Reference

Four Corner States Percent Female Householder, No Husband Present, Households Hot Spot Analysis, by County (2018), Maggie Plessinger, Website maintained by Chantel Sloan, Associate Professor in the Public Health Department at Brigham Young University., County subdivision boundaries and household data from 2018.